Almost everyone associates the name of the city of Oryol with a beautiful strong bird. It is no coincidence that the eagle sitting on the tower of the fortress is depicted on the coat of arms of this city. However, at present, some philologists are trying to dispute the etymology of the name, saying that the word "eagle" initially only described the features of the terrain.
Some associate the origin of the name of the city of Oryol with one legend. The fact is that by order of Ivan the Terrible, the construction of a fortress city was started, this event is attributed to 1566. The main task was to protect the borders from the raids of the Crimean Tatars. At the confluence of two rivers called Oka and Orlik, a mighty oak grew in those days, and when they began to cut it, an eagle flew from the tree. It is believed that at this moment one of the lumberjacks uttered the legendary phrase: "Here is the owner." By chance, it was in honor of this bird that Tsar Ivan Vasilyevich ordered to name the future city.
There is another version of the origin of the name of the city. Previously, the river, merging with the Oka, was called in no other way as the Oryol. It is believed that it was renamed only in 1784, after which it became known as Orlik. In 1565, having examined the surroundings of the future city, the king chose a place to start construction - the confluence of two rivers, and it was in honor of the then existing river Orel that the city got its name.
It seems that both versions of the origin of the city's name are extremely true. Probably everyone, hearing the word "eagle", imagines a proud bird, but perhaps this is not entirely correct perception. If we completely discard the first variant of the origin of the name of the city, then the interpretation of the word "eagle" can be completely different. The fact is that some philologists who studied the etymology of the name of the Orel River came to the conclusion that it came from the Türkic word "ayry", which means "corner" in translation. It is about the visual perception of the confluence of two rivers. Indeed, if you look at the place where the city was built from a high point, you can see an acute angle. It is no coincidence that this area was chosen for the construction of the fortress, because on both sides it is reliably protected by nature itself.