For a long time, the younger generation learned from the oral folk art of their ancestors. Drew from him knowledge about morality, relationships between people, spirituality. The legacy of generations has survived to this day. Of course, it has undergone many changes, but the essence has not been distorted by this.
Oral folk art is a generalized and systematized experience of previous generations, reflecting the essence of their life. It arose long before people mastered written speech. They passed on their creativity to the next generation by word of mouth. This is where the name comes from. In another way, oral folklore is called folklore.
Folklore includes folk songs, fairy tales, epics, parables, anecdotes, tongue twisters, riddles, ditties and much more. Oral folk art gives the language brightness and expressiveness. For example, with the help of proverbs, phraseological units, you can tactfully hint to a person about his mistakes, without offending him.
Folklore works are anonymous. They don't have a specific author. This is what is created by a collective of people. Oral folk art reflects their way of life, traditions, customs, customs, ideas about life. Each nationality has its own folklore, which has its own characteristics and character.
Oral folk art has influenced the activities of many poets, writers and other artists. For example, some experts believe that some of Charles Perrault's fairy tales published in the collection "The Tales of My Mother Goose" are folklore. And the writer simply processed them and presented them to the reader in a new light. Therefore, they are literary tales. In Russian literature, the folklore of A. S. Pushkin, N. A. N. V. Nekrasov Gogol, A. N. Tolstoy, M. E. Saltykov-Shchedrin.
Of course, folklore works have survived to this day, to a certain extent, having lost their primordiality. But the meaning remained the same - to convey to the next generation the traditions and customs of your people.