When deciding to grow rye, it is important to choose the right place. This cereal grows well in slightly elevated areas without traces of boggy. She also hates shadows. The sensitivity to light is especially high at the time when the formation of grains in the spikelets begins.
- - the soil;
- - seeds;
- - fertilizers;
- - water;
- - shovel;
- - watering can.
Select the area where you want to grow rye. Analyze. Add lime if necessary. cereals grow best on soils with a pH close to neutral. With a high groundwater table, it is recommended to raise the site. To do this, remove the top fertile soil layer, add drainage - plant debris, cut grass, medium-sized tree branches, etc. Avoid using perennial weeds in the drainage layer such as nettles, garden sow thistle, and some others. Otherwise, there is a high risk that they will not rot in the first year and germinate. The drainage layer must be carefully tamped and watered abundantly. Pour the previously removed soil on top of it.
Apply organic and mineral fertilizers. If you prepare the soil in the fall, and you plan to plant rye in the spring, the following scheme is acceptable: during autumn digging - lime, and for planting - rotted manure and double superphosphate. If your soil does not need liming, you can add fresh manure mixed with straw in the fall, and when sowing seeds, you can add phosphorus fertilizers along with them. Rye is often planted in the fall. In this case, it makes sense to carry out liming in the spring, six months before planting. When 3-4 cm sprouts appear, apply liquid fertilizing with nitrogenous and potassium fertilizers, combining it with thinning and the first weeding.
Sow rye seeds in a row method, tracing rows at a distance of 15-20 cm. Agronomists did not come to a consensus as to whether rye should be pre-germinated. If you decide to do this, then use a weak solution of any humic fertilizer. Cereals respond well to them. Of course, you should not germinate the grain before planting if you are planting rye in the fall.
Water the area at least 1-2 times a week. It is better to choose early morning hours for watering. This is especially true for regions where night frosts are possible. After watering, loosen the row spacings.
Take care of the rye by weeding and feeding on time. When the plants begin to spike, it makes sense to treat them from harmful insects and diseases that affect cereals. It is better to do this without the use of chemicals, using organic substances.
Harvest when most of the grains have passed from a milky state (the grain can be crushed with your fingers) to a state of technical ripeness. For harvesting, it is better to choose a warm sunny day, and spread the harvested grain under a canopy to dry.