A large number of people die every day. It can happen anywhere: at home, in the hospital, or on the road. Transporting the body to the morgue is the next procedure for preparing for the funeral after calling the police and an ambulance. The pathologist carefully examines the body, performs an autopsy, establishes the cause of death.
In any case, an autopsy should be carried out in the event of a person's death, if a refusal was not issued (a refusal can be issued if death occurred after a long illness or natural aging, and also if the deceased prescribed a refusal to autopsy in the will). In the event of a sudden or violent death, the body is sent for forensic examination for an autopsy. If there are no signs of a violent death, then the deceased can be sent to any available morgue.
An autopsy is carried out in the morgue on a special table with a sink; it is recommended to carry out this manipulation in daylight. Before the autopsy, the pathologist must carefully read the medical history, and, if necessary, clarify the data with the attending physician (he must be present at the autopsy). The procedure begins with an external examination of the deceased, with special attention paid to the degree of fatness, the presence of skin lesions, scars, wounds, edema, the color of the skin, changes in the configuration of body parts.
After the main sectional incision of the integument, an internal examination of the corpse is performed. With the help of special instruments, the abdominal cavity is opened, the entire sternum with the adjacent parts of the ribs is exposed. The costal cartilage is cut at the border with the bone, then the chest cavity is opened by the pathologist. After examining the cavity, all internal organs are removed and examined in a specific order. Most often, the organs of the neck and chest are removed separately, then the complex of the digestive organs (separating the intestines from the mesentery), the urogenital organs (including the ureter, kidneys, prostate gland, bladder, uterus with appendages and vagina).
The method of complete evisceration is also used, when the insides are removed in one complex, and then examined without separating the bonds. The organs are carefully examined and weighed, cut, and the surface of the incision is examined, as well as the state of the cavity of hollow organs, excretory ducts, and mucous membranes. I study the state of large blood vessels.
The cranium is opened using a special saw, the scalp is removed. The brains are removed from the skull and placed on a tray with the rest of the organs. If necessary, open the eye sockets, paranasal sinuses and the middle ear cavity using a hammer and chisel. Everything is carefully studied by the pathologist, the cause of death is established. Then the cranium is sutured, the skin on the face is pulled, sutured. All internal organs are folded back into the abdominal region, sutured. The body is washed, if the relatives wish, they are embalmed and put on makeup.
The deceased is dressed in funeral clothing. It is very important that the funeral attire is clean (ideally new items). The female body is dressed in a dress or a suit with long sleeves, stockings or tights, slippers or shoes, and a light scarf is tied. A male burial dress should consist of linen, light shirt, suit, tie, shoes or slippers. The deceased must have a pectoral cross. The body of the deceased is transferred to a coffin and handed over to relatives.