Fire safety briefing is aimed at familiarizing the employee with fire safety rules. It is divided into several types and can be introductory, repeated, targeted, or primary (carried out at the workplace).
Fire safety briefing can be carried out in different cases: when hiring, when familiarizing with the workplace, in the case of commissioning new equipment, etc.
Introductory firefighting briefing
This type of briefing should be completed by all people recruited. This category includes both travel and internship students.
The introductory briefing is carried out by a fire safety or labor protection engineer. The main purpose of this briefing is to give the employee the knowledge that will allow him to follow the system of fire-prevention measures in the enterprise in the future.
Usually, the introductory briefing is a short acquaintance with the basic requirements of fire safety, current instructions, the most dangerous areas of production, etc. Among other things, the instructed person is familiarized with the basics of using primary fire extinguishing equipment, the evacuation procedure and other practical actions taken in the event of a fire.
The introductory briefing is carried out in the labor protection office, where it is possible to show the worker the means of fire extinguishing and fire communication, as well as to familiarize him with visual aids on fire safety (posters, photographs).
Initial on-the-job briefing
Before starting work, the employee must be instructed at the workplace. The person is told about the possible fire hazard of nearby devices and assemblies, materials used in production.
The employee is instructed in the subject of local escape routes, his duties in the event of a fire, the procedure for calling emergency services, etc.
Unscheduled firefighting briefing
This type of briefing is carried out in the event of the introduction of new production standards, the launch of new equipment, and changes in technological processes. In addition, unscheduled fire safety briefing is carried out for fire safety violators and at the request of the state fire supervision.
Unscheduled instruction is carried out both individually and in a group form.
Targeted firefighting briefing
Targeted briefing is carried out in the event that an employee performs one-time work that is not related to his main activity or specialty. This usually happens when performing work for which a work permit is required.
Regardless of the type of briefing, at the end of it, the instructor checks how well the employee has mastered the fire safety rules. After checking knowledge, an entry is made in the instructing journal with the obligatory signature of the instructed.