Finding a good therapist is not easy. The doctor who heals the soul differs significantly from all other classical specializations of doctors in the subtlety and complexity of the methods of work. It is interesting that at the same time the patients themselves are sometimes not able to distinguish between the specifics of the work of a psychotherapist, psychologist and psychiatrist, confusing and confusing these specialists. At the same time, a person in need of treatment quite rightly wants to be sure that he will not spend time and money on a psychotherapist in vain. How not to be mistaken in choosing a good psychotherapist and not run into a charlatan?
A psychotherapist is a physician with a university degree and a specialization in psychotherapy. The psychologist is not a doctor, and therefore he has no right to prescribe medications, antidepressants or sedatives for you if necessary. A psychiatrist is also a doctor, but he works with very serious mental disorders. Unlike a psychiatrist, a psychotherapist knows the methods of psychotherapeutic work and correcting the patient's state of mind.
A psychotherapy session is a healing process that allows the patient to objectively consider his problem, activate internal resources for healing, and receive support. Psychotherapists in municipal polyclinics do not always have sufficient time to conduct several individual psychotherapy sessions. And in private clinics, the services offered are often reduced to the maximum salary of the doctor.
Whichever doctor you turn to, already at the first session you can determine the quality of psychotherapeutic treatment by several signs: - a professional will not receive patients at home, the appointment will be carried out in a medical center or a medical office;
- the doctor must be licensed to conduct psychotherapy;
- a specialist even with a narrow specialization (only in gestalt or exclusively in NLP) must have a diploma of higher medical education, since specialization in psychotherapy implies mastery of at least 3-4 methods of psychotherapy;
- the psychotherapist will not "bind" the patient with financial relationships at the first session, that is, require payment for the minimum course of psychotherapy - 10 or 20 sessions (the calculation must be made for each session);
- the doctor has no right to limit psychotherapy to a limited number of sessions.
Before starting treatment, a real psychotherapist will discuss with the patient the type of psychotherapy offered: - Gestalt,
- Ericksonian trance, - NLP (neuro-linguistic programming), - transpersonal psychotherapy, - neuromuscular relaxation, - body-oriented psychotherapy, - cognitive-behavioral approach, - psychosynthesis. The doctor should talk about each of the methods and explain how effective the chosen treatment will be in your situation.
A good psychotherapist has the right to write a prescription for the patient, but he should not insist on medication. You have every right to refuse pills.
Finally, observe the behavior of the therapist. A doctor interested in positive results of treatment: - will never interrupt you when you speak;
- will not rush;
- does not look defiantly at the clock in your presence;
- speaks in a calm and even voice;
- never recommends specific actions to you, let alone instant life decisions (divorce, a serious act, moving, dismissal, etc.);
- comments on the patient's statements, relying only on objective facts;
- does not force you to discuss what you do not want to tell him;
- keeps medical secrets;
- does not enter into a friendly or intimate relationship with the patient.