A note is a supplement to the main text that is outside of it. These short references, which make it easier to understand a scientific or artistic work, are compiled by the author, translator or editor himself. They are also used in most student work, for example, in term papers and graduation projects. Notes are divided into inline, subscript, and non-textual. There are specific design rules for each type.
Inline notes are placed after a paragraph, graphic or figure that requires explanation. Depart from text or graphic material 1, 5-2 spacing. Make a standard paragraph and capitalize the word "Note". After it, put a dash and add a clarification to the main text. Do not bold or italicize your note or underline it.
A sequence number is not assigned to a single note. If there are several notes, fill them with a numbered list. As with a single note, indent the body text. Capitalize the word "Notes" on the red line. Do not put a full stop. Start each note on a new line after the Arabic numeral.
For example: “Having considered the graph of the average daily temperature in Moscow and the Moscow region at the end of January, scientists came to the following conclusion. Notes 1. This graph reflects changes in average daily temperature observed in rural areas. 2. The schedule is valid provided that standard moisture and atmospheric pressure meters are used."
Footnotes are placed at the bottom of the page on which the fragments requiring explanation are located (text, table, graph, figure). Footnotes are associated with the main text with a footnote - an asterisk or an Arabic numeral. If there are no more than three notes on a page, you can mark them as *, ** and ***, respectively. However, the use of Arabic numerals written on the upper border of the line is more illustrative.
Use a footnote mark in the text. At the bottom of the page, about 4-5 lines short of the bottom margin, draw a short, straight line 4-5 cm long from the left margin. Place your notes under the line. Start each with a "red line". Before the beginning of the sentence, put the appropriate footnote mark - "an asterisk" or the serial number of the note. The word "notes" is not written in this case.
For example: “Having considered the graph of the average daily temperature in Moscow and the Moscow region * at the end of January **, scientists came to the conclusion that _ * This graph reflects the changes in the average daily temperature observed in rural areas. ** The schedule is valid provided that standard moisture and atmospheric pressure meters are used."
Use a smaller font for footnotes to visually distinguish them from the main text. Don't make sentences too long or overload them with facts and figures. Use a period at the end of each note.
Post-text notes are often used in fiction. Their peculiarity is their location. They are printed after the body text, at the end of a chapter, section, or at the end of an entire book. End-of-text notes are easier to group together. They do not violate the integrity of the work.
In the text, put a footnote mark. Never use an asterisk for out-of-text notes, only Arabic numerals. The numbering of notes can be continuous for the entire text or for each chapter. In the first case, arrange the notes section in the form of a single numbered list. If in each chapter numbering starts over, divide the list of explanations into parts. Title each part by the title of the chapter to which these notes refer. Place a numbered list within the part.
For example: “Notes to chapter 12“Daily mean temperature measurements”.1. This graph reflects changes in average daily temperature observed in rural areas. 2. The schedule is valid provided that standard moisture and atmospheric pressure meters are used."