Many amateur flower growers can see pots of lemons grown from seeds on the windowsills. Unfortunately, these plants do not begin to bear fruit until the tenth year after sowing. To get fruits a little faster, the seedlings should be grafted.
- - an annual branch of a fruiting lemon;
- - budding knife;
- - polyethylene tape;
- - garden variety.
Grafting lemons by budding is carried out from spring to early summer. In order to perform this operation, you will need to find a one-year-old sprig of fruiting lemon with several well-developed buds.
If you are unable to vaccinate immediately, cut off all the leaves from the branch, leaving the petioles. Wrap the branch in a damp cloth and place in a plastic bag to protect it from drying out.
Lemons grown from seeds can be grafted from the age of one and a half, when the trunk at the base will be about seven to eight millimeters thick. Two-three-year-old seedlings are well tolerated. Two days before grafting, the plant should be watered abundantly.
At a height of eight to ten centimeters from the ground on the rootstock trunk, choose a place where you will graft the bud. The bark at the grafting site should be even, without thorns and damage. Use a sharp budding knife to make a shallow horizontal incision in the bark. Make a vertical cut perpendicular to this cut downward from this cut. Keep in mind that you want to cut the bark, not cut the plant in half.
Using the plastic end of the eyepiece knife, pry the edges of the bark at the intersection of the incisions and lift them slightly.
Cut off the bud with a shield from a previously prepared branch of a fruiting lemon. To do this, select the most developed bud on the branch and make a horizontal cut one centimeter above it. Make another horizontal incision one and a half centimeters below the kidney. Place the knife blade in the upper cut and, moving the blades down and towards you, carefully separate the bud with bark and some wood.
Holding the cut eye by the petiole left over from the cut leaf, insert it firmly into the incision in the rootstock bark.
Moving from the bottom up, tightly bandage the place where the peephole is grafted with plastic tape, leaving only the kidney itself open. Wrap the barrel under and over the graft site. If possible, cover the graft site with a small amount of garden varnish so that no water gets inside.
After three weeks, check the condition of the grafted peephole. If the petiole left on it turns yellow and fell off, the vaccination was successful.
If the grafted kidney has taken root, after a month, trim the top of the rootstock ten centimeters above the graft.
After the grafted bud germinates, cut off the remaining part of the rootstock above it, a centimeter from the grafting site, with an oblique cut. Remove the garden varnish and tape that you used to wrap the graft site.