In some cases, making the menu is a must. It is necessary, for example, to organize the work of a children's camp. After all, rational and carefully selected nutrition for children is the key to their growth and harmonious development. Therefore, cooks need to pay special attention to the preparation of the menu for the camp.
Be sure to calculate how much protein, fat and carbohydrates you need for children. All of them are necessary for the proper growth and development of growing organisms. For example, proteins are the main source for the construction of new cells. Fats help support the immune system and nourish the body with vitamins A, B, K and E, as well as saturated fatty acids. Carbohydrates, on the other hand, actively regulate all metabolic processes in the child's body. Based on this, when composing a menu for a children's camp, you need to take into account the indispensability of each of these substances and correctly distribute them in the daily diet of children. The ideal ratio of proteins, fats and carbohydrates in the children's menu is 1: 1: 4, 5.
Further, it is necessary to take into account the number of meals the children eat. As a rule, for educational and educational institutions, which include camps, they choose 4-5 meals a day. And the menu itself is calculated either for a week at once, or for two. To draw it up correctly, use the advice given by the Russian Academy of Sciences and the WHO. Based on research, they develop ideal dietary patterns that you only need to adapt to the needs of your camp.
Consider when drawing up a nutrition scheme and the fact that some of the products should be given daily. These include meat, milk, butter, sugar, bread, and vegetables. Some of the products are periodically included in the diet of children. These are sour cream, cottage cheese, eggs, fish and cheese. But it is necessary to distribute these products so that within a week the children receive the relying set of food completely.
Also, when drawing up the menu, it is necessary to take into account the time of day at which the products will be consumed. So, for example, food rich in protein should be given in the morning. After all, it has a positive effect on metabolism and activates the nervous system. In addition, such food takes longer to digest.
Combine foods that are digestible in your menu. So, meat dishes need to be combined with vegetables, vegetable dishes are added to cereal soups for the second, etc. And the vegetables themselves must be varied. The same goes for fruits, berries, herbs, etc. All this ensures better fermentation of growing organisms and helps better digestibility of foods.
When any products are missing, they are replaced with equivalent ones. But at the same time, make sure that they are especially suitable in terms of protein and fat content. That is, you cannot replace vegetables with cereals, milk with tea, etc. Just using such substitutions is often not worth it. But if there is absolutely nowhere to go, then, as an exception, natural products can even be replaced with canned ones. It is best for this to choose those that are specifically designed for children.